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Bark The bark of the honey locust is initially, gray-brown to red-brown to bronze in color, and smooth with many horizontal lenticels raised pores used for gas exchange that later turn into long, narrow, curling plates. In addition, the honey locust's bark often displays clusters of large, branched thorns on its trunk. Its wood is strong, coarse grained and moderately durable, which is why it is a material commonly used fence posts, railroad ties, furniture, interior woodwork and fuelwood. The color of these twigs are red-brown to light greenish-brown in color. The twigs and branches have numerous lenticels and they often feature branched thorns. Older twigs and branches can be found with single or three-branched or more thorns that can be between one and four inches long.
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Belonging to the pea family, Fabaceae, locusts can grow as mature trees or shrubs. Locusts are commonly found as native vegetation in the widely-dispersed areas of Northern America and historically have been produced in this region for several purposes, including but not limited to keeping soil erosion in check and hedging. In England, it was actually introduced to provide wood and protect from soil erosion. In Australia, the tree was introduced as a seedling as a fodder tree.
Moreover, many different species of locust trees are usually cultivated for decorative purposes because locust trees have a number of beneficial characteristics, both aesthetically and practically.
On the other hand, locust species spread out so much on the land that they are considered invasive species! We will be exploring three types of locust trees in great detail: the black locust, honey locust, and water locust. Get ready to acquaint yourself with the three most popular types of locust trees and how to care for them!
Without a shadow of a doubt, the black locust tree is one of the most renowned types of locust trees, owing to its ease of cultivation and numerous uses.
The advantages of a black locust tree are many, as it thrives in a wide range of environments and can grow swiftly. This deciduous tree grows naturally in woodlands and along river banks and can withstand drought and poor soil conditions.
Black locust trees, endemic to North America, can sometimes grow to be as tall as 80 feet or more; however, their average height usually ranges between 40 and 60 feet, with a broad canopy that spans 30 feet. These trees also provide shade for the plants below them as their branches grow in such a way that there are gaps between them.
In order to grow, these trees require vast land and exposure to the sun at all times. Although these trees can grow quickly, they can also become invasive in some areas. Black locust trees can eventually take over your yard, so it is important to handle this potential problem proactively. Another helpful tip for the optimum growth of black locust trees is good drainage, as a black locust tree does not agree well with soggy soils.
Despite this, black locust trees can adapt to growing in damp soils as long as it is not waterlogged. Unlike other species of locusts, the black locust tree can survive in a variety of different situations that are less optimum for growth. These include low-quality soil, air pollution, high level of salts, and drought. In fact, the black locust is capable of improving the quality of the soil it grows in. The tree does this by absorbing nitrogen from the atmosphere and releasing it into the soil.
The black locust tree has a lot of blossoms, which is one of the reasons why it is very popular as an ornamental tree. The flowers, appearing in bunches, drape from the tree and range in length from 4 to 10 inches.
These flowers are usually white and exceedingly fragrant. Some people are also able to grow pink and purple flowers. How lucky! The leaves of a black locust tree have a unique shape and colour. They are primarily oval and have a blue-green colour. At the foundation of its leaves, the black locust tree has stubby and sharp horns. Historically, these thorns have been employed as building nails as they are incredibly sharp. The black locust tree has enormous clusters of flowers, which attract bees and offer an ample supply of nectar.
As a result, black locust trees are often planted in areas where there are a lot of honeybees that can aid in the production of honey. Black locust trees are an excellent source of high-quality and sturdy timber. This is one of the primary reasons why black locust trees are abundantly grown.
Cutting the wood of a black locust tree is difficult because of its sturdy nature. It is, nevertheless, an excellent supplier of firewood as it is high in density, which means that it takes longer to burn.
As a result, black locust wood is far more efficient as firewood than other available options. The frisia black locust bears bright yellow leaves that can also occasionally turn a shade of lime green. This gives any landscape striking and distinctive foliage colours. The frisia black locust tree can grow to be as tall as 40 feet and has a 25 feet diameter, making it comparatively smaller than the black locust tree. While the tree is growing, its leaves have a purple tint to them, and as the foliage matures, it assumes a deep bronze colour.
Available as a tree or shrub, this black locust will grow to a modest height of 20 feet and a similar spread. If it is grown in a container, the twisty baby black locust can assume a height of approximately 5 feet.
The twisty baby black locust gets its name from the unique way its limbs twist and bend. You can prune it during the winter to create additional twisting.
This tree, which may reach heights of feet in the wild, will generally grow to between 40 and 70 feet when farmed. It has a broad spread and offers valuable shade on park areas. Its wonderful span of branches and foliage allows it to be an excellent shade tree. It also has tiny leaves that do not need to be collected when they fall. They are too little to be picked up and too small to produce clogs or issues in drains and sewage systems.
This is especially beneficial for towns since it entails less clean-up and lowers costs to maintain an area. They are native to the eastern part of the United States. In contrast to the black locust tree, they require rich, wet soil to thrive. Even under less than perfect conditions, they will thrive, but pests and diseases will be more prevalent due to high soil pH, high salt levels, and a lack of moisture.
In general, honey locust trees tolerate disturbances, so planting them is simple. Just make sure you have enough room in a sunny location and that you dig an enormous hole for the roots because they are larger than you would anticipate.
The leaves of the honey locust tree are brilliant green in the spring and become golden in the early fall. The plant will produce new leaves in the spring, usually a few weeks before the black locust tree. Both the leaf bases as well as the long branches of this tree are covered with thorns. As the thorns mature, they become dark brown and become stiff and brittle. The thorns tend to be very sharp and can reach a length of 4 inches.
However, there are types without thorns available for purchase as well. This is why thornless honey locust tree is more popular amongst gardeners! FYI: The scientific name of thornless honey locust is gleditsia triacanthos inermis. Petite and pale green, the blooms of the honey locust tree are tiny and delicate. They are actually delicate enough to be called bristly locust. Flower clusters occur on male trees, while female blooms are distributed randomly, which have a powerful smell.
These flowers often sprout in late spring or early summer seasons. Before I forget to mention, honey locust tree also has these seed pods or legumes. The seed pod contains peas which animals love to eat! City landscapers employ honey locust trees the most primarily because of their numerous benefits. Pests and diseases that harm the tree have increased due to over-cultivation. Crops and grasses have little chance against it because of its rapid growth. Through the construction of barriers along rivers, it also inhibits animals from accessing natural waters.
The seed pods of this tree have a pleasant pulp that is edible, as opposed to the poisonous pods of the black locust tree, which should never be ingested. Native American tribes utilized the pulp as conventional medicine and food, which is still used to create tea and beer.
Animals and cattle also eat the seed pods. Like black locust trees, honey locust trees produce robust, resilient, and excellent quality wood. Although the tree is not commonly farmed for its wood, it is famous in niche markets for use in furniture.
Despite its name, the honey locust tree is not utilized to promote honey production. This honey locust tree grows faster than most other locust trees, making it an outstanding grower. It has no thorns and a relatively straight trunk. It could grow to reach between 50 and 70 feet tall, with a comparable spread.
The shademaster also does not bear fruit, making it exceptionally low-maintenance. The blooms of this tree have a pleasant scent and are fragile. This honey locust type has delicate feathery leaves that resemble a fern, beginning greenish in the spring and early summer and turning yellow in the fall before falling in the winter.
It has yellow-green blooms and may reach heights of 35 feet. It is hot and drought-tolerant and prefers the whole light of the sun. This tree has exquisite fern-like leaves and a pyramid form, giving it a highly polished appearance. This cultivar has no thorns, and it does not produce fruit. This makes it a lot easier tree to maintain, as cleaning out the fruit from honey locust trees can be a dirty task.
Like so many other locust trees, the skyline honey locust is tolerant to both damp and dry soil, and this species mainly will thrive in any soil pH. Honey locust trees and black locust trees have similar names and share certain features, but as different species, both types have many qualities that they do not share.
A native of the Southeastern United States and neighboring regions, Gleditsia aquatica is also known as water locust, or swamp locust, is a tree that typically reaches a height of 50 to 60 feet. Situated in wetlands, it loves partial sunlight like the other plants in its family Fabaceae pod. These pods, on the other hand, generally only contain one seed. My love for nature is not newfound. I have lived on the countryside for over a decade of my life where I realized how human activities impacted the environment.
A very old tree in a park in central Paris, France, is considered to be the original tree introduced by Jean Robin, planted in , and is still bearing fruit years later Pasiecznik N, CAB International, personal communication,Although many forest managers today consider this tree a weed species and a strong competitor against more desirable species, it has been widely planted in some central European countries where it is an important timber species. Breen oregonstate. Skip to main content. Robinia pseudoacacia.
Common Name: West Indian Locust Tree, Brazilian Copal, Amami Gum Fruits, Fruit is an indehiscent woody oblong pod about 8 - 15 cm long and 3 - 5 cm wide.
Honey locust Gleditsia triacanthos , also known as thorny locust or thorn tree, is a medium sized tree with pleasing, graceful foliage. The leaves are alternate, and both compound and double compound leaves on the same plant. Buds are mostly embedded in the branch with only the tips protruding. Habitat: Found in bottomland woods, old pastures, and sandy prairies. Common throughout most of Iowa. Hardiness: Zones 4 through 9. Most cultivars do not perform well in the heat, humidity, and heavy soils.
Locust trees are from the Fabaceae legumes or pea family family native to North America. Different locust trees are classified as part of the Gleditsia or Robinia genera. Meaning locusts can be trees or shrubs. The most popular types of locust trees in North America are called black locust and honey locust. The Victorians even believed there were secret meanings behind locust trees and other flower and tree species.
The Black locust can fix nitrogen in the soil and thus help to improve the soil. The wood is hard and is suitable as a floor covering, wood for benches and fences, and for firewood, if it is well dried.
One of the largest trees in the Caribbean, it is commonly called old man's toe or stinking toe tree. This unusual fruit is now in season and, for those in the Corporate Area, there is a tree along East Kings House Road, just past the governor general's official residence. The seed pods look like big, fat toes, and the mealy pulp around the seeds, although foul smelling, is edible and tastes good. The fruit is brown with the same shape as the fruit itself, only smaller. The shell is hard and not easy to break.
It typically thrives in Full Sun and has a feet growth rate per year. Once full grown they can reach a height of feet and feet in spread. In fall expect to see the leaves transition to a beautiful hue of Yellow. Be ready to see a variety of wildlife drawn to the Black Locust Tree as they can attract Bees, hummingbirds and butterflies. Once in bloom the flowers will be White in color. When receiving your plant they will ship to you between 24 inches in height.
In September, the black locust fruit mature into ″ long seed pods, which will remain on the tree into winter. Habitat. Black locust is an.
The Honey locust is characterized by delicate leaves, fragrant flowers and spectacular legumes. The Honey locust Gleditsia triacanthos , also known as the leather husk tree, is native to the central and western areas of America. The tree is most commonly found in mixed forests along river banks.RELATED VIDEO: This Crazy Tree Grows 40 Kinds of Fruit - National Geographic
Robinia pseudoacacia , or Black Locust, is a deciduous, flowering tree that may grow 50 to 70 feet tall and a trunk diameter of 3 to 4 feet. It is a native forest tree in the mountains of North Carolina, however, it is widely planted throughout the state and is now naturalized to all soil and water conditions, except for saturated soils. In other parts of the state, Black Locust can be found in thickets on clay banks or waste areas or along fence rows. It is a relatively short-lived tree with about a 90 year life span. The leaves are alternate, pinnately compound with 7 to 21 leaflets.
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The genus name Ceratonia derives from the Greek keras , horn, referring to the hard, horn-like textrues of the seeds. The common name Carob is cognate with the weight measure 'carat', and refers to the use of the seeds which are very uniform in size as weights for measuring gold and precious stones. John's bread, were derived from the Bible; St. John the Baptist is said to have sustained himself on fruit of the "locust" tree when wandering in the wilderness. The word locust is also used for other trees with pinnate leaves and oblong pods such as North American natives Gleditsia and Robinia.