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Rain gardens resemble regular perennial gardens and borders but have a more important function in the landscape. The function of a rain garden is to absorb and filter run-off water from impervious surfaces, such as roofs and parking lots. What pollution might be on a parking lot? Think about salt, oil and gasoline, litter, sediment and all the other things that collect that would be a problem if it reached our waterways.
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Rain gardens resemble regular perennial gardens and borders but have a more important function in the landscape. The function of a rain garden is to absorb and filter run-off water from impervious surfaces, such as roofs and parking lots. What pollution might be on a parking lot?
Think about salt, oil and gasoline, litter, sediment and all the other things that collect that would be a problem if it reached our waterways. In the center of the garden, there is a shallow dip that holds the water while it soaks into the ground. The garden does not form a pond, as the water soaks into the ground and filters though the soil.
The water is then used by the plants and helps to recharge the ground water supply. Rain gardens have beautiful trees, shrubs, and perennials; many are planted with native plants and are a beautiful addition to a home or commercial landscape.
The plants selected for the rain garden may be native or have extensive root systems that help the garden absorb the rainwater. Native plants are often selected as they do not need special care, are resistant to most insects and diseases, and attract beneficial insects.
Non-native plants can also be used if they are not invasive. Using plants that have a variety of textures, bloom times and seasonal color changes will add interest to your garden. Clumping plants in groups of three or more will create a bolder statement, giving your garden strong visual interest.
Remember seeds and seed pods add to winter interest while providing food for wildlife, especially birds. Consider how the garden will be viewed from your patio, street and even the view from inside your house.
A well-planned garden will not only help filter run-off and be great for the environment, but also add value to your home. For a great instructional guide to building a rain garden, as well as a nice plant list, download Rain Gardens: A how-to manual for homeowners, developed by University of Wisconsin Extension and the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.
Michigan State University Extension also has some great information for rain gardens on their Smart Gardening site. As spring approaches, consider using this guide to create a new, beautiful rain garden that can be enjoyed by your whole family. This article was published by Michigan State University Extension. Rain gardens part 2 — rain garden plants. Rain gardens can be used to improve water quality for your family and community.
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Make a donation. A rain garden offers the opportunity to manage rainwater runoff from hard surfaces after downpours by planting an attractive, low maintenance, wildlife-friendly space. Put simply, a rain garden is a shallow area of ground or dip which receives run-off from roofs and other hard surfaces. It is planted with plants that can stand waterlogging for up to 48 hours at a time. More drought-tolerant plants are used towards the edges.
A rain garden is a garden bed located in a depression in a landscape that rain gardens in very shady areas simply because shade-loving plants tend to be.
The benefits of having a rain garden range from removing standing water in your yard, recharging local groundwater and conserving water to reducing the amount of pests in your yard, creating habitat for birds and butterflies, and reducing the potential of home flooding. Rain Gardens are designed to contain and absorb water that would otherwise run off a roof or parking lot and end up in the storm drain. Their size can vary, and they can fit into odd shapes and spaces. They are an excellent method of keeping stormwater on site and out of the sewer system. On this page you will find a range of resources for understanding, designing and maintaining a rain garden in your yard. The Ocean County Soil Conservation District has teamed up with several partners to plant a display rain garden at Jakes Branch County Park to demonstrate the variety of plants that can be included in a full shade garden, wet soil garden, full sun and so on. Download the full brochure published by the EPA. This manual includes all information on general facts about rain gardens, what plants to include in an NJ garden , and all tips on planting and maintaining the garden. This is an extremely useful resource all gardeners, ranging from beginning to expert. The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources published and in-depth manual for new gardeners approaching their first rain garden.
Catching water in a rain garden allows it to slowly filter into the ground. This means less rainwater is lost into our storm sewers which also means there is less flooding and erosion in our streams. Natives are a natural for this because they tolerate short periods of standing water, are drought-tolerant, and their deep roots make it easy for water to move down into the soil. These plants do best in areas where they will receive between four and six hours of sun per day.
Rain Gardens are intended to be an attractive and environmentally sensitive addition to residential, commercial and municipal properties.
Become a better gardener! Discover our new Almanac Garden Planner features forAs a bonus, many plants suited to a rain garden are natives, which attract local pollinators. Learn more about rain gardens—plus, find two rain garden plant lists and designs featuring plants for both sun and shade. Get the latest edition here!
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ily in the rain garden where it filters use of plants native to Ohio in local rain gardens is recommended fers partial shade and blooms blue-violet.
Rain gardens are shallow depressions designed to soak up water and support trees, shrubs, and flowers that tolerate both wet and dry conditions. Native plants are highly recommended for rain gardens because they are more pest resistant than nonnatives, require no fertilizer, and provide habitat for birds, butterflies, and other pollinators. Once established, the deep roots of native plants increase the water-holding capacity of the soil, hold it together, and prevent erosion. Rain gardens usually have two to three moisture zones, ranging from wet lower areas with periodically saturated soils and short periods of standing water to upland sloping edges with fast-draining or dry soils.
A rain garden is a landscaped feature that replaces an area of your lawn in order to collect the stormwater rain and melted snow that runs off your grass, roof and driveway. This shallow depression has loose, deep soil that absorbs and naturally filters the runoff, preventing it from entering the storm drain system and, eventually, our waterways. Rain gardens complement any style of landscape and can be adapted to personal preferences. They can be large or small and can take advantage of pockets of space in your yard. Rain gardens are not only beautiful and creative, they are also functional. By planting a rain garden, you can help maintain the natural water cycle while protecting local rivers, lakes, fish and drinking water sources.
There are a number of plant calculators on the internet; www. Missouri Botanical Garden.
For information about UMaine Extension programs and resources, visit extension. Find more of our publications and books at extension. Table of Contents:. A rain garden is a depression in the ground that is planted with water-loving native perennials and shrubs. Water from a downspout or other source flows into the rain garden, where it soaks into the ground and is used by the plants. Rain gardens help protect the water quality in our lakes, streams, and rivers by reducing the amount of polluted runoff reaching these resources.
A rain garden is a shallow planted depression designed to hold water until it soaks into the soil. A key feature of eco-friendly landscape design, rain gardens—also known as bio-infiltration basins—are gaining credibility and converts as an important solution to stormwater runoff and pollution. Naturalized plantings, here camassia, can make a rain garden fit easily into its surroundings. Photo by: Rob Cardillo.